Page 27 - Latino Boom II

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P o r t r a i t o f L a t i n o U . S . A .
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market more efficiently. However, the 2000 census revealed for the first
time a new pattern of growth of Latinos in nontraditional areas. This
speaks of the entrepreneurial spirit of this community, willing to go to
new places like Virginia and Ohio in search of their American Dream.
The 2010 census has seen this pattern continue, and the results can be
Figure 3.6
Hispanic or Latino Origin Population by Type: 2000 and 2010
(For information on confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, and definitions,
see www.census.gov/prod/cen2010/doc/sf1.pdf)
Origin and Type
2000
2010
Change, 2000
to 2010
Number
% of
Total
Number
% of
Total
Number
%
Hispanic or Latino Origin Total
281,421,906 100.0 308,745,538 100.0 27,323,632
9.7
HIspanic or Latino
35,305,818 12.5 50,477,594 16.3
15,171,776 43.0
Not Hispanic or Latino
246,116,088 87.5 258,267,944 83.7
12,151,856
4.9
Hispanic or Latino by Type Total
35,305,818 100.0 50,477,594 100.0 15,171,776 43.0
Mexican
20,640,711
58.5 31,798,258 63.0 11,157,547
54.1
Puerto Rican
3,406,178
9.6
4,623,716
9.2
1,217,538
35.7
Cuban
1,241,685
3.5
1,785,547
3.5
543,862
43.8
Other Hispanic or Latino
10.017,244 28.4 12,270,073 24.3 2,252,829
22.5
 Dominican (Dominican Republic)
764,945
2.2
1,414,703
2.8
649,758
84.9
 Central American (excludes Mexican)
1,686,937
4.8 3,998,280
7.9
2,311,343
137.0
  Costa Rican
68,588
0.2
126,418
0.3
57,830
84.3
  Guatemalan
372,487
1.1
1,044,209
2.1
671,722
180.3
  Hondouran
217,569
0.6
633,401
1.3
415,832
191.1
  Nicaraguan
177,684
0.5
348,202
0.7
170,518
96.0
  Panamanian
91,723
0.3
165,456
0.3
73,733
80.4
  Salvadoran
655,165
1.9
1,648,968
3.3
993,803
151.7
  Other Central American
103,721
0.3
31,626
0.1
–72,095
–69.5
 South American
1,353,562
3.8
2,769,434 5.5
1,415,872
104.6
  Argentinian
100,864 0.3
224,952
0.4 124,088
123.0
  Bolivian
42,068
0.1
99,210
0.2
57,142
135.8
  Chilean
68,849
0.2
126,810
0.3
57,961
84.2
  Colombian
470,684 1.3
908,734 1.8
438,050
93.1
  Ecuadorian
260,559
0.7
564,631
1.1
304,072
116.7
  Paraguayan
8,769
— 20,023
— 11,254
128.3
  Peruvian
233,926
0.7
531,358
1.1
297,432
127.1
  Uruguayan
18,804
0.1
56,884
0.1
38,080
202.5
  Venezualan
91,507
0.3
215,023
0.4
123,516
135.0
  Other South American
57,532
0.2
21,809
— –35,723
–62.1
 Spaniard
100,135
0.3
635,253
1.3
535,118
534.4
 All Other Hispanic or Latino
6,111,665
17.3 3,452,403
6.8 –2,659,262 –43.5
Source: 2010 Census Briefs: The Hispanic Population 2010